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Recent trends in perinatal mortality

 
     

From 1954 until the mid 1990s, stillbirth and neonatal death rates in England and Wales fell steadily (Figure 1). In 1954, the stillbirth rate was 23 per 1000 total births and the neonatal mortality rate was 18 per 1000 live births. In 1997 the stillbirth rate had reduced to 5.3 per 1000 total births and the neonatal mortality rate was 3.9 per 1000 live births. Stillbirth rates then plateaued at this level until 2002 while neonatal rates continued to fall slightly.

More detailed information on the cases reported to CEMACH from 2000–2003 can be seen in Table 1. In 2002, there was a significant increase in the stillbirth rate from 5.4 per 1000 total births in 2001 to 5.7 per 1000. This increase was sustained in 2003. By contrast, the neonatal rate mortality rate remained relatively stable across this period.